Morocco does not yet have a compensation policy. The only existing compensation agreement was signed with Alstom, which won the contract to build Morocco`s high-speed rail system and is also responsible for building the tram networks in Rabat and Casablanca. In January, the company signed an agreement with the government, according to which it will build a local production base for cabling and electronic components, create 5,000 jobs in 10 years and establish a training institute for the railway sector. Alstom also signaled its intention to increase purchases from Moroccan suppliers and service providers (such as local back-office offshoring services) for use in projects in other countries. To boost its industry, the government is working on a new compensation policy. Under the policy that would have been developed by the Minister of Industry and Trade, foreign companies that win government tenders worth more than AED200 million (€17.69 million) are required to make local investments and purchases worth at least 50% of the contract value. The measure aims to boost the local industrial sector by ensuring that foreign companies invest locally, deploy local subcontractors and locally manufactured products, and transfer technology to the country. The policy will not affect U.S. companies, as the 2004 U.S.-Morocco Free Trade Agreement prohibits the imposition of such requirements on U.S.
companies. Since his election as President of the General Confederation of Moroccan Enterprises of the CGEM in 2012, Miriem Bensaleh Chaqroun has been committed to creating a legal framework that obliges companies, offices and local authorities controlled by the State to sign compensation agreements. This was the creation of the Commission for Industrial Compensation and Access to Public Procurement in 2012, led by the former CEO of the CGEM, Mehdi El Idrissi. In 2014, the Commission published a Guide to Industrial Clearing to explain the concept of netting arrangements.  In 2015, the CGEM submitted a number of proposals to the government, including the creation of a compensation body. The role of this body would be to ensure that Canada`s compensation agreements (known as Industrial and Regional Benefits (IRB)) are administered by the IRB Branch within the Department of Industry of the Government of Canada. The IRB Directive was established in 1986 to assist Canadian businesses in the use of government procurement. The directive requires prime contractors to place subcontracts and investments in high-tech sectors of the Canadian economy in an amount normally equal to the value of the defence contract won. Investments can be direct (transactions that allow small and medium-sized enterprises to provide goods, services and/or long-term service support directly for items purchased by the government) or indirect (transactions that are not directly related to the items purchased and are instead related to investment, technology cooperation and product mandates). A concession contract is a contract that gives a company the right to operate a particular business in the jurisdiction of one government or on the ownership of another company under certain conditions.
Concession contracts are often contracts between the non-state owner of an entity and a concessionaire or concessionaire. The agreement grants the concessionaire the exclusive right to operate its business in the facility for a certain period of time and under certain conditions. The Ministry of Defence is in charge and compensation guidelines were issued in 2000. The threshold is about 500,000 euros, and the request for compensation is 100% of the value of the order. Multipliers range from 1 to 7. Foreign direct investment and technology transfer have the highest multipliers.  The purchase of 135 Patria AMV infantry fighting vehicles in 2006 is the largest in Slovenian history of military purchases (€278 million, deliveries 2007-2013), and the Patria case is the political controversy over allegations of corruption of Slovenian officials by the Finnish company Patria. According to Jorma Witakorpi, CEO of Patria at the time of the sale, a bribe of about 21 million euros (7.5% of the total contract price) was paid to Slovenian decision-makers, politicians and military officials to drive the sale.   The Patria AMV compensation agreement for vehicles was directly offset at the rate of 30% of the contract value (co-production of amV in Slovenia) and 70% of the indirect compensation, mainly export aid to Slovenian companies.  Government Procurement Act 2004, revised in 2009. .